Saturday, January 14, 2017

Saturday Serendipity (January 14, 2017)

Here are a few recommended reads for over the weekend.

1.  For those with roots in Ireland, The Weekly Genealogist of NEHGS brings to our attention a new database of 250,000 births, marriages, and deaths in indexes hosted online by the Irish Genealogical Research Society (IGRS).  IGRS was founded in 1936 in response to the destruction of the Public Record Office of Ireland in 1922. The database "covers records dating prior to 1864 -- the year from which general civil registration began in Ireland." You can read more about this new resource here.   

2.  And if you happen to have roots in the state of Alabama, then UpFront With NGS blog has noted a useful new resource for you.  The Alabama Media Group recently donated its huge collection of historical photograph negatives to the Alabama Department of Archives and History. There are apparently more than 3 million images three different Alabama newspapers . . . most of which have never been published.  Learn more about this new resource here , where you can also watch a 1:45 video about the collection.  

3.  And speaking of research resources for genealogists to use, The Legal Genealogist (Judy Russell) posted this week about not overlooking the resource of legal notices placed in newspapers. Read Judy's informative post here.     

4.  Judy Russell also posted a very important warning this week concerning a genealogy website called FamilyTreeNow. Everyone should read Judy's post here and be reminded about the responsibility genealogists have to be very careful about the public dissemination of private and personal information . . . especially for living persons.  Judy also provides step-by-step directions on how one can opt out of having one's information available through this website. Those who go to Judy's post for her full take on this website and the issues involved, should also be sure to read the comments to the post!              

5.  This edition of Saturday Serendipity appears to have morphed into a resource index of sorts, and so it is appropriate to mention another useful resource that was spotlighted this week by James Tanner of Genealogy's Star blog.  Read here about a map of archives in the United Kingdom and a listing of national archives around the world as provided by the National Archives of the United Kingdom. As Mr. Tanner notes, there are apparently 2,246 archive sites in England alone!            

6.  Janine Adams of Organize Your Family History blog, posted yesterday on the frequently raised topic of using formal citations in genealogy. Janine addresses the subject with the following question, "How important is it for hobbyist genealogists to use properly formatted citations?" This is a subject I also discussed in a 2013 post. Read Janine's post and the accompanying comments here.        
7.  And finally, for a bit of levity, there is the post yesterday at Nutfield Genealogy by Heather Rojo. From time to time Heather posts about the "weird search terms" that someone somewhere Googled to land at her blog. Have a look here for the most recent additions to this strange collection. You'll knit your brow in puzzlement, you'll shake your head in disbelief at what can only be some basic educational failures, and you'll probably have a few good chuckles.  You can also get links to six previous weird search term posts.
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Copyright 2017, John D. Tew
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Saturday, January 7, 2017

Saturday Serendipity (January 7, 2017)

Here are a few recommended reads for over the weekend.

1.  Diane Boumenot's most recent post on One Rhode Island Family will certainly be of interest to anyone with roots in Rhode Island around the turn of the last century; but it is also a great reminder of living conditions for the working poor in most cities around that time.  Diane shows the story with photographs from the Library of Congress and, as always, her narrative is an engaging read.  Go here to see the post.  

2.  Randy Seaver of Genea-Musings blog posted on New Year's Day a very interesting post that has become an annual event for "numbers guys [and gals]." Randy does the service of compiling and updating the numbers data for 2016 on the tools used by genealogists. If you like numbers and want to get a good idea of how many genealogy enthusiasts  use which resources, you need to check out Randy's January 1st post titled "Genealogy Industry Benchmark Numbers . . . " here.  For example, if you look at the grave record numbers for FindAGrave vs. BillionGraves  you might just think it is time for BG to think about a new name.  Neither is close to a billion grave records, but FAG is leaving BG in the dust.😉

3.  If you or any family members were adopted in New Jersey, you need to read Judy Russell's post of January 4th. As Judy explains, as of this past Tuesday, January 3rd, children adopted in New Jersey post-1940 can now obtain by law their unaltered, original birth certificates! Some 300,000 children adopted in NJ between 1940 and 2015 are affected by this change in the law. Read more about this law here and learn who else can obtain a copy of the original birth certificates.   

4.  OK.  Before you follow the link for this read recommendation, get a piece of paper and write on it the baby name that you think is the "trendiest in American history!" To make it easier (possibly), a clue is that the name is found on the distaff side of naming conventions.  The Weekly Genealogist by NEHGS brought this article to our attention -- where you can see how your guess fares against the correct answer. No cheating! Good luck. [Oh, I almost forgot, for you Beatles fans there is a nice connection to learn about too!] 😉        

5.  If you use for your genealogy research -- as many of us do -- then you really must read a post this week by Amy Johnson Crow.  Those quivering leaves that signal Ancestry has found some possible clues for you are a bit more involved than they might seem at first. Read Amy's post here and find out what you probably did not know about those leaves!        

6.  Janine Adams of Organize Your Family History blog started a new feature on her blog this week. She will be interviewing "genealogy luminaries" in her series titled, "How They Do It." She kicks off the series this week with a well-known luminary -- none other than Thomas MacEntee of GeneaBloggers fame. Read the inaugural interview here.   
7.  And finally, since marriages are such a big part of genealogy (for obvious reasons), a short piece attempting to answer the question about why in most western cultures the ring signifying a married person is worn on the fourth finger of the left hand. Guesses anyone?  Read here to find out some of the most commonly accepted possible reasons. Ever heard of the vena amoris?  Read the article and you will learn what it is and where.  [N.B. Since there is no mention of it in the article, apparently the fact that the left side in heraldry is the "sinister" side has nothing to do with wearing a wedding ring on the left hand. 😀]   
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Copyright 2017, John D. Tew
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Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Immortality (January 3, 2017) -- Huldah Antonia [Hasselbaum] Tew

"Immortality Lies in Being Remembered by Family and Friends." -- John D. Tew 

My paternal grandmother was born Huldah Antonia Hasselbaum on July 16, 1898 in Providence, Rhode Island. She was a twin to her sister, Josephine Hasselbaum.  Both my grandmother and her sister Josephine are shown above with their mother, Maria Johanna [Richter] Hasselbaum, in a photograph taken in 1902 when the girls were four years old.  My grandmother, Huldah, is the one with the pronounced curly hair to the right of her mother as one looks at the photograph. Josephine is to the left. 

Huldah and her sister (as well as all their siblings) were first generation American.  Both of their parents came to the United States from Germany in the 1880s. Although the parents were thoroughly German, all the children were born in Providence and they were neither encourage to learn nor speak German; consequently while my grandmother could not speak to either of her parents in their native tongue, my grandfather, who took German in school at Phillips Andover, is said to have carried on lively conversations with his mother-in-law in the kitchen entirely in German (which pleased her I am sure).

My grandmother's father, Anton Hasselbaum, immigrated to the U.S. in 1884 and her mother, Maria Johanna Richter, immigrated in 1882. Anton was a very successful businessman in Providence and had his own liquor and bottling business. Anton died in 1916 and so he never experienced the devastation to his business and livelihood that Prohibition would have brought a mere fours years later. But he was able to provide nicely for his family and they grew up with all the advantages of a solid, affluent, middle-class family. When he died, he left his widow a large family house and one or two rental properties too.  Judging from the fashionable clothing my grandmother wore during her youth and young adulthood, and the beach vacations she enjoyed at Newport and at Horse Neck Beach in Westport, Massachusetts in the early part of the last century before she married, she led what must have been considered a very comfortable if not overly privileged life (as photos below will show).  

Photo and explanatory caption from The Evening Bulletin, Providence, RI (Tuesday, July 5, 1932)

Expanded view of the explanatory caption to the above photograph

My grandmother had four siblings in addition to her twin sister.  Three were older than she and her twin sister and one was younger. All were born in Providence.

The six children of Anton and Marie Johanna Hasselbaum.

Among a few of the peculiarities my grandmother possessed (as all of us do), was her penchant for writing across the face of family photographs and for referring to herself later in life as "Mother Tew."  As the photographs illustrate below, the captions she provided have been very helpful for placing people in place and time, but one wishes she would have done so on the reverse side of the photos.

Huldah Hasselbaum posing by the house she grew up in. Her niece, Dorothy Henry,
daughter of her older sister, Mary [Hasselbaum] Henry, is seen in the window

Huldah A. Hasselbaum in Vermont in 1920 before her engagement

In 1920, Huldah became engaged to my grandfather, Arnold G. Tew. They were married on July 16, 1921 at the Baptist Church on Broad Street in Providence.  In November 1922 the first of their three children (my father) was born.

My grandmother's engagement portrait (1920)

My grandparents (center) on their wedding day 

Huldah Tew on her wedding day. [For an explanation about the dark wedding attire,
see my previous post here

Huldah during the honeymoon at Grand Lake, Maine

Huldah [Hasselbaum] Tew with her first born child (my father) in 1923

Huldah Tew at age 40 (1938).

Huldah Tew at about age 40 (date unknown)

Huldah Tew with her husband and three adult children (April 1955)

Huldah Tew with her family (Christmas 1956). [That's me in my much cherished Davy Crockett suit]

My grandmother and grandfather in 1957 back at Grand Lake, Maine where they honeymooned in 1921. 

My grandmother lived to age 84 and she was able to see know all ten of her grandchildren. She died 34 years ago this day on January 3, 1983.  Gone but not forgotten!

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Photographs from the personal collection of the author.  Thanks to my Aunt Priscilla, my Uncle John, my cousin Bruce Marquardt, and others who have contributed to my collection over the years!
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Copyright 2017,  John D. Tew

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Saturday, December 31, 2016

Saturday Serendipity (December 31, 2016)

It struck me that this will be my last post and last Saturday Serendipity for the year 2016. I also realized that it was exactly four years ago today that Filiopietism Prism ("The Prism"for short) was born! [See the first post here.] These four years have flown by and, with the vicissitudes of modern living, the rate of posts have ebbed and flowed over that time (admittedly ebbed more than flowed recently). And yet I still look forward to working on this blog and appreciate all who spend a portion of their precious time in reading and perhaps commenting on pieces published here.  THANK YOU all!

Without further ado, here are a few recommended reads for today -- or for next year if you wait until tomorrow!  ;-)

1.  Not exactly a read for everyone, but if you -- like me -- have been a user of Family Tree Maker® software to grow and preserve your family tree(s) -- and to sync them with your tree(s) in the cloud with -- then you will want to be aware of the announcement today about FTM from Software MacKiev. Finally, the free update for users of FTM 2014 and Mac 3 is here and available for download! The free update was first promised as long ago as March 2016 . It was stated on March 4th, "Users of FTM 2014 and Mac 3: Hang in there! FREE updates are coming. They will be available in about a week or so through the built-in update feature. We will send you an email to let you know as soon as they are available." If you have not seen the announcement and you use FTM, you should go to the Software MacKiev FTM website and get the needed information to upgrade for free. I now know what at least a part of my day tomorrow will be spent on -- updating my version of FTM. A sincere thank you to MacKiev and I hope and trust the updates will be everything promised and as easy to install as described.

2.  For you map lovers out there. . . have you heard that the Library of Congress is making available some 5,000 items from its map collection? The Weekly Genealogist of NEHGS brought this to our attention recently and you can read more about this development here.  

3.  This week The Weekly Genealogist of NEHGS also brought the news to us that the George Eastman Museum has launched an online platform that will allow searching through over a quarter million photographic objects in its collection. Learn more about this new resource here. [I already located an amazing portrait of Amelia Earhart (my 6th cousin 2x removed) done in 1931 by Edward Steichen.]

4.  Rebecca Onion at The Vault blog (on has posted at the end of each year since 2013 the top digital history projects she has come across during the year. Her picks for 2016 can be viewed here.      

5.  In a previous Saturday Serendipity item, I suggested a read at Wait But Why blog by Tim Urban
titled "It's Going to Be Okay." Now Tim has posted a follow up to that post about the 2016 presidential election with the appropriate title, ""It's Going to Be Okay -- Follow Up." If you read the original post, you might be interested in Tim's follow up, which can be seen as a sort of mea culpa in some ways. I happen to like Tim Urban's writing and his take on things almost always causes me to pause and think.  I like that! You can access Tim's follow up post here. [The usual cautionary note -- Tim occasionally uses what some may consider inappropriate, unnecessary, profanity.]    

6.  Most people who spend a lot of time diving deep into their ancestry will eventually come across a marriage between cousins of some degree. James Tanner had an interesting post yesterday titled, "Can you marry your cousin? What is or was the law?" You can read the post here.  
7.  And finally for those who have roots in New England, Elizabeth Handler of From Maine to Kentucky blog recently posted a notice and reminder that the next biennial conference of the New England Regional Genealogical Consortium (NERGC) will take place at the end of April in Springfield, Massachusetts.  Read some of the particulars and get a link to the 20-page conference brochure here.  [This might be the year I get to attend this conference for the first time!]
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Copyright 2016, John D. Tew
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Saturday, December 17, 2016

Saturday Serendipity (December 17, 2016)

After an absence of six weeks due to some pressing family matters, Saturday Serendipity returns with a few recommended reads for this weekend (only two more weekends left in 2016 after this one!) . . .

1. The Weekly Genealogist newsletter of NEHGS recently mentioned a story of extreme rarity -- a Canadian woman who at age 96 just became a great, great, great grandmother.  This means that the family is able to capture a photograph of six generations all living at the same time.  How rare is that?? Read more here and see a photograph of the oldest and youngest as well as all six generations of the family. N.B. If you are curious, you can also guess what the Guinness World Record is for the most living generations in an unbroken line.  [Write down your guess before you read the article . . . and no cheating! ;-) ]

2.  The Vault posted a piece that genealogists will find not only very interesting, but also quite useful for adding "color" to the picture of what everyday life cost ancestors back in the early 19th Century. Read here the post titled, "What Things Cost in an American Country Store in 1836."    

3.  Do you know if you have any ancestors or relatives who lived in New York City in 1776? If so (or if you just like reading historical documents), have a look at The Vault's post titled, "Washington's 1776 Warning to the City of New York: "Get Out While You Can."  You can read it here. 

4.  Judy Russell, The Legal Genealogist, has an interesting post about copyright, missing copyright notices, and newspapers this week. You can read Judy's post here.    

5.  Ahh those Christmas memories of years past.  They stay with us a long time and even the ones that were seen as utter catastrophes at the time, can become the subject of family humor as the years pass.  Bill West of West in New England blog shared one such memory with us this past week. Need a chuckle?  Have a read here.  

6.  Finally, The Weekly Genealogist also brought us a link to a wonderful seasonal story about Alfred Carlton Gilbert, a toymaker who had 15 minutes to actually save Christmas in 1918.  If you have not already seen, read, or heard about this bit of U.S. history, you need to read it here.
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Copyright 2016, John D. Tew
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Who knew . . . but is it true? (December 17, 2016) : The Mayflower; Benjamin Church; King Phillip's War; Anawan Rock; and Me??

Several years ago I was finally able to complete the research and documentation necessary to prove the family lore that held we were Mayflower descendants through my mother's line. The problem had been that while my maternal grandmother maintained that we were descended from Richard Warren of the Mayflower, I was never clear about whether it was through her Cooke line or through the line of her husband, my grandfather Everett Carpenter. [I have blogged previously about how I finally had the "Eureka Moment" when all the pieces of the centuries-old puzzle fell into place and I was accepted by the General Society of Mayflower Descendants. You can see that post from May 23, 2013 here.] As it happens, there are actually two known lines of descent from Richard Warren to me and they both pass through my mother's mother and her Cooke line. 

Tracing in reverse order one of the meandering lines of connection from me to Richard Warren, the path eventually comes to the marriage of Richard Warren's fourth daughter Elizabeth Warren (1616 - 1669) to one Richard Church (1608 - 1668). Richard and Elizabeth Church are my 9th great grandparents.

               Shirley Carpenter m. Arnold G. Tew, Jr.
               Ruth Eaton Cooke (1897 - 1979) m. Everett Shearman Carpenter (1891 - 1962)
               Walter W. Cooke (1869 - 1944) m. Florence L. Flagg (1870 - 1904)
               George H. Cooke (1843 - 1872) m. Susannah C. Appell (1844 - 1906)
               Russell Cook (1810 - 1884) m. Mary Vinal Otis (1806 - 1881)
               Benjamin Cook (1768 - 1846) m. Abigail Church (1771 - 1845)
               Ebenezer Church (1726 - 1825) m. Hannah Wood (1734 - 1815)
               Caleb Church (1701 - 1769) m. Deborah Woolworth (1703 - 1733)
               Joseph Church Jr. (1663 - 1715) m. Grace Shaw (1666 - 1737)
               Joseph Church Sr. (1637 - 1711) m. Mary Tucker (1641 - 1710)
               Richard Church (1608 - 1668) m. Elizabeth Warren* (1616 - 1669) 

               * Elizabeth Warren was the fourth child and fourth daughter of 
                     Richard Warren and Elizabeth Walker, his wife.
Elizabeth Warren and Richard Church had at least ten children according to the Mayflower Families series. The second son of Elizabeth and Richard Church was Benjamin Church (1639 - 1718), the immediate younger brother and sibling of my 8th great grandfather, Joseph Church Sr.

Benjamin Church is my 9th great uncle. He was a very interesting character and Nathaniel Philbrick, author of Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War (New York: Penguin Group, 2006), devotes considerable space in his book to the person and character of Benjamin Church. According to Mr. Philbrick, Benjamin was a thirty-three-year-old carpenter who became "the first Englishman to settle in the southeastern tip of Narragansett Bay at a place called Sakonnet [Little Compton, Rhode Island today], home to the female sachem Awashonks and several hundred of her people." Benjamin was a man who wanted to create his own home from scratch out of what was then wilderness in Indian territory. As Philbrick put it, "Church was a throwback to his maternal grandfather, Mayflower passenger Richard Warren. By Moving to Sakonnet, he was leaving his past behind and beginning anew in Indian country." (Mayflower, p. 233)

It took Benjamin Church little time to realize that his dream of establishing a home at Sakonnet for himself, his wife Alice Southworth, and their two-year-old son Thomas (who were left behind in Duxbury) depended on establishing a good relationship, if not a friendship, with the sachem Awashonks. In time he succeeded in establishing such a friendship with Awashonks that at some point in June 1675 she warned Church that Metacomet, the second son of Massasoit of the Wampanoag's (by then known by his adopted English name of Phillip), was about to start a war with the English colonists. Philip wanted her Sakonnets to join him, and Awashonks wanted Church's advice first. Church advised that she and her people look to Plymouth Colony for protection and promised her he would go to Plymouth to warn the governor and return with instructions. Before he could do so, the predicted war broke out and eventually spread throughout New England. The war -- known today as "King Philip's War -- lasted from 1675 to 1678. More than half of New England towns were at one time or another attacked by Native American warriors and in southern New England more than 1,000 colonists and 3,000 Native Americans were dead.

Benjamin Church became a captain for the first Ranger [1] force in America in 1676 when he was commissioned by Josiah Winslow, the Governor of Plymouth Colony, to form a ranger company during King Philip's War. He was one of the principal leaders among the settlers. Today he is considered the "Father of American Rangers." [See, "United States Army Rangers" at Wikipedia] Church played an active and leading role in the war that Philbrick (Mayflower, p. 357) summarizes as follows . . . 

               [N]o matter how desperately our nation's mythologizers might wish
               it had never happened, King Philip's War will not go away. The
               fourteen bloody months between June 1675 and August 1676 had a
               vast, disturbing impact on the development of New England and,
               with it, all of America.

On August 12, 1676, Church's company of rangers conducted an operation that resulted in the killing of King Philip by one of Captain Benjamin Church's allies -- a Native American named John Alderman. Philip's body was "then butchered in a manner standard with English punishment for treason."[2] The body was drawn and quartered. The war effectively ended soon after the death of King Philip though skirmishes continued in far northern New England into 1678. In the greater part of the war theater in southern New England, the war ended on August 28, 1676 when Captain Benjamin Church succeeded in capturing one of King Philip's chief captains, Anawan, the war chief of the Pocasset people at the site of what is now known as "Anawan Rock" in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Philbrick tells the full story of the capture of Anawan in Mayflower at pages 338 - 344 and it does not end well for Anawan for he was beheaded while Church was away discussing the possibility of his taking a company to Maine to assist in hostilities against the Abenakis. Church had hoped to turn Anawan to his side as an ally in the fight against the Abenakis, but that was not to be.

Philbrick's closing words about Benjamin Church are as follows (Mayflower, 357-58) . . .

               Out of the annealing flame of one of the most horrendous wars ever fought
               in North America, [Church] forged an identity that was part Pilgrim, part
               mariner, part Indian, and altogether his own. That so many characters 
               from American history and literature resemble him -- from Daniel Boone to
               Davy Crockett to Natty Bumppo to Rambo -- does nothing to diminish the
               stunning originality of the persona he creates in [his] Entertaining Passages
               Relating to Philip's War. That Church according to Church is too brave, too
               cunning, and too good to be true is beside the point. America was destined
               to become a nation of self-fashioned and self-promoting men. What makes
               his story so special, I believe, is that he shows us how the nightmare of
               wilderness warfare might one day give rise to a society that promises liberty
               and justice for all.

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There is another interesting line of descent that passes through my mother to me, but this one comes via my mother's father, Everett S. Carpenter. Tracing this somewhat less meandering line of descent to a 4th great grandmother and her father and grandfather onto the farm they owned at the time of the American Revolution, the line is as follows . . .

               Shirley Carpenter m. Arnold G. Tew, Jr.
               Everett Shearman Carpenter (1891 - 1962) m. Ruth Eaton Cooke (1897 - 1979) 
               Samuel Eber Carpenter (1853 - 1929) m. Sarah Etta Freeman (1858 - 1945)
               Samuel Carpenter (1828 - 1904) m. Ruth Ann Miller (1828 - 1893)
               Joseph Carpenter (1789 - 1880) m. Nancy Mason Bullock (1793 - 1880)
               James Carpenter (1767 - 1812) m. Lucy Bliss (1769 - 1817) -- my 4th great
               Jonathan Bliss (1739 - 1800) m. Lydia Wheeler (1737 - 1803)
               Ephraim Bliss (1699 - 1778) m. Rachel Carpenter (1699 - 1784) -- my 6th great

As the descent line above indicates, Ephraim and Rachel Bliss had a son named Jonathan who married Lydia Wheeler. One of the numerous children of Jonathan and Lydia Bliss was Lucy Bliss who married James Carpenter in Rehoboth, Massachusetts on March 6, 1789. Their son Joseph Carpenter married Nancy Mason Bullock and they had 14 children, one of whom was my great great grandfather Samuel Carpenter. Another of their children was Lucy Bliss Carpenter who was named after Joseph's mother Lucy Bliss. Lucy Bliss Carpenter (my 3rd great aunt) married Everett Leprilete Sweet on March 6, 1851.

I posted recently about Lucy Bliss [Carpenter] Sweet and the written Memorial to her compiled by Mrs George St. John Sheffield sometime after Lucy's death on December 13, 1910.  A copy of the Memorial was kindly provided to me recently by my 4th cousin, Neysa [Carpenter] Garrett.  [See, my post of December 13, 2016 here.] It was a portion of the Memorial to Lucy that provided the inspiration for some research that led to this post of previously undiscovered historical connections in my genealogy . . . as will now be revealed below.

On page 2 of the Memorial to Lucy Bliss [Carpenter] Sweet, her lineage to the Bliss family of Rehoboth was summarized and the fact that she got her name from her grandmother, Lucy Bliss, was explained. In the summary of Lucy Sweet's Bliss lineage, it was stated that Lucy's grandmother, Lucy Bliss, was the daughter of Captain Jonathan Bliss; and, in turn, Lucy Bliss [Carpenter] Sweet was the great great granddaughter of Lieut. Ephraim Bliss -- both Jonathan and Ephraim served during the "War of the Revolution."

Most of this Bliss connection through my Carpenter line was previously known to me, but it was the following passages from page 2 of the Memorial (shown and highlighted below) that really caught my attention . . . 

               [Lucy Bliss] was the granddaughter of Lieut. Ephraim Bliss, who, when the
               War of the Revolution broke out, "though seventy-five years old, shouldered
               his musket, and with his two married sons," -- one of them Captain Jonathan
               Bliss, the father of Lucy, -- "marched away, and joined the Continental Army."
               After a year, [Ephraim] was compelled to return home, but a grandson took his place
               to keep the family number intact. His own services were not ended, however,
               for, one day, when working in a distant field, he heard the note of danger sounded
               from the horn always kept on the bench beside the kitchen door, and, leaving his
               plough in the furrow he hastened on his horse to the house, to learn that a 
               messenger had brought news that the enemy were burning a nearby town . . . At
               once [his saddle bags] were thrown over the horse . . . and the horse was turned
               toward the enemy. *  *  * On this Bliss farm was the celebrated Annawan Rock,
               around which cluster Indian legends. It was the lodge of the chieftain of that name,
               who was under-chieftain to the famous King Philip, and the story of his capture is
               one of the thrilling tales of Philip's War. This romantic spot, -- the rock and some land
               surrounding it, -- was deeded to the Antiquarian Society of Rehoboth, by a
               descendant of Lieut. Bliss, "after it had been in the family over two hundred years."  

Who knew that there was a historical and genealogical connection between my Cooke/Church line through my maternal grandmother and my Carpenter/Bliss line through my maternal grandfather . . . and that it involved the famous Anawan Rock in Rehoboth, Massachusetts too? The only thing that  remains is definite proof of the Bliss ownership of a farm that once included the land on which Anawan Rock sits and its transfer by deed to the Antiquarian Society of Rehoboth.

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[1]   Rangers were men who were hired by colonial governments on a full-time basis to do reconnaissance and to patrol the boundaries of the colonies to provide early warning of troubles.

[2]  See, Wikipedia, "Benjamin Church (ranger),"

Photograph of the Mayflower II underway from WikiTree at

The image of an engraving of Benjamin Church from a 19th Century edition of his narrative, Entertaining Passages Relating to Philip's War, is from the author's copy of Nathaniel Philbrick's book Mayflower (p. 234).

The image of Captain Benjamin Church by unknown artist circa 1675 -- New York Public Library,  Stephen Schwarzian Building -- is in the public domain. It was obtained from Wikipedia at 

The image of a 19th Century engraving depicting the capture of Chief Anawan ("Annawon") is from the author's copy of Nathaniel Philbrick's book Mayflower (p. 341).

The photo of the entrance to Anawan Rock is from the website SGC (SouthCoast Ghost): Investigating the Paranormal in Southeast Massachusetts

The fall photo of Anawan Rock in Rehoboth, MA is from the blog Wicked Yankee at
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Copyright, John D. Tew
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